It is essential that you know about how fire accident occurs in a building or a public place. When a fuel mixes with oxygen, then combustible vapors are produced. Based on the ignition source it would result in fire. The rising heat levels reach it’s maximum in the room ceiling and can even reach a temperature of 1000 degree Celsius. The gas layer acts like the broiler and ignites the combustibles in the room. Thus the room would be destroyed.
Now the fire spreads through the doorways and wall penetration. It also penetrates through the cavities of the ceiling, and the fire spreads to parts of the building. Some of the ignition sources are electrical equipment, lighting equipment, air conditioning system, cigarette, extension cords, etc.
List of potential fire hazards that you might experience
Less lubricated fan motors and drive belts
- Damaged wiring
- Light close to paper or fabric
- Electric circuits those are overloaded.
- Unmaintained ventilating and cooling equipment
- Smoking by people in public places
- Storage of gasoline and propane inside buildings.
Make sure that you limit the interaction of fuels with several ignition sources. Perform a fire risk analysis survey of a building on the combustible and heating products available in the space. Make sure to remove the unnecessary fuels and heat sources in public buildings like hospitals. It is not possible to eliminate the use of combustible and heating products. So make sure that they do not interact with each other. Fire prevention is a responsibility to be followed by people who make use of the hospital. You have to form a group of people who monitors the safety aspects. You can go for professional assistance in the fire department or insurance company. Perform a fire risk analysis and come up with corrective actions and protection strategies.
Measures To Protect Fire
Several steps are taken by the government to protect fire in public buildings. Thus man made or natural fire hazards can be prevented by following specific fire protection safety measures. The NFPA has come up with a life safety code which includes the minimum requirements of the design, maintenance of hospital buildings. It also lists some of the essential safety requirements to prevent fire and other accidents in buildings. It is required to allocate proper spaces to escape in buildings.
Life Safety Code
There are different provisions of the code based on the occupancy and the type of building. The ultimate objective is to offer safety to life during emergencies. The code also aims in protecting the equipment and the people. The code also comes up with requirements so that there is an immediate escape plan in a building during an emergency. Some of the other provisions Life safety code are listed below.
- Every exit in a building should be marked.
- Locks And hardware should be installed.
- Doors must swing in all direction
- Make the evacuation signals audible and visible
The above are some of the insight on fire safety and fire prevention.
Read Also : The Market Of Fire And Safety Equipment In India